The risks factors of obesity

People who consider themselves extremely obese, measuring more than 30 BMI (body mass index) have a much higher risk of developing several diseases according to today's medical professionals. Studies have been conducted to show that they have a much higher incidence of certain conditions and disorders. In some cases, risk factors double or triple. This can even lead to premature death in some cases.

Some of the risk factors increase considerably when a person is obese. They have a much higher risk of developing cardiovascular disease, heart disease, hypertension, stroke, atherosclerosis, arteriosclerosis, and heart attacks. Studies show that people who have more than 35 BMI are twice as likely to develop these problems as people who are not obese.

The high cholesterol levels that are present in most obese people can narrow the blood vessels of the circulatory system. This narrowing is caused by plaque or fat that is deposited on the walls of the vessels. This narrowing can cause high blood pressure, which is due to additional stress on the heart to do its job.

Blood clots can form around the plaque in the circulatory system and if they separate they can travel to the brain and cause a stroke or lungs and cause a pulmonary embolism. Stroke can cause paralysis or loss of other bodily functions, such as speech. Because of these factors, obese people have a much higher risk of developing at least some of the cardiovascular diseases listed above.

Obesity is one of the main causes of diabetes in adults. The pancreas cannot produce enough insulin to break down carbohydrates or proteins into simple sugars so that the body can use them as energy. When this happens, blood sugar levels rise above normal and diabetes develops.

Diabetes is a chronic disease that has no cure and can have extremely serious complications, such as diabetic retinopathy, peripheral neuropathy and kidney disease that can lead to dialysis and kidney failure.

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Complication of being obese:

People with obesity are more likely to develop a series of potentially serious health problems, including:

  • Heart disease and stroke -Obesity increases the chances of having high blood pressure and abnormal cholesterol levels, which are risk factors for heart disease and stroke.

  • Type 2 diabetes-Obesity can affect the way your body uses insulin to control blood sugar levels. This increases your risk of insulin resistance and diabetes.

  • Certain cancers-Obesity can increase your risk of cancer of the uterus, cervix, endometrium, ovary, breast, colon, rectum, esophagus, liver, gallbladder, pancreas, kidney and prostate.

  • Digestive problems-Obesity increases the likelihood of developing heartburn, gallbladder disease, and liver problems.

  • Gynecological and sexual problems-Obesity can cause infertility and irregular periods in women. Obesity can also cause erectile dysfunction in men.

  • Sleep apnea-People with obesity are more likely to have sleep apnea, a potentially serious disorder in which breathing stops and begins repeatedly during sleep.

  • Osteoarthritis-Obesity increases stress on joints that support weight, in addition to promoting inflammation within the body. These factors can lead to complications such as osteoarthritis.


As you can see above, being obese significantly increases the risk of developing several serious diseases or conditions, some of which cannot be corrected and must be treated for the rest of the person's life. Statistics have shown that, in the case of heart disease and type II diabetes, obesity is the main cause of both diseases.

Having all the extra weight that the body carries daily puts extreme stress on all vital organs. In addition, obese people have a much higher risk of developing joint problems, such as osteoarthritis. Having extra weight causes extreme tension in the joints, especially in the areas of the knee, hip, and lower back.

Studies have shown that obese people are twice as likely to have the mentioned diseases. They are also two or three times more likely to die prematurely than someone with a healthy weight.

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